5 November 2009

Persendian

Posted in Kuliah tagged , , , , , pada 9:24 oleh zoudha

I Persendian skeleton capitis dan skeleton trunci

  • Terdapat sendi jenis diarthosis, yaitu :
  • Articulatio temporo mandibularis
  1. Fossa mandibularis
  2. capitulum mandibulae
  • Persendian skeleton trunci
  1. Sendi antara cranium dan columna vertebralis
    • Articulatio atlanto occipetalis
      • condyli occipetalis
          • fovea articularis superior atlantis
        • Articulatio atlanto epistropica / atlantocpistropea lateralis
  • Facies articularis inferior atlantis
  • Facies articularis superior epistrophei
        • Articulatio atlanto dentalis anterior
  • Facies articularis anterior dens epistrophei
  • Fovea dentis atlantis
        • Ariculatio atlanto dentalis posterior
  • Facies articularis posterior dens epistrophei
  • Lig. dentis atalntis
  1. Persendian antara vertebralis dan costae adalah :
        • Articulatio costovertebralis

1. – facies arridularis capituli costae superior

– fovea costalis inferior

2. – facies articularis tuberculi costae

– fovea fostalis superior

  • Articulatio costotransversaria
    • Facies articularis tuberculi costae
    • Fovea costalis superior
  1. Hubungan antara sternum dan costae terdapat dua jenis yaitu jenis synchondrosis dan articulations, pembagiannya adalah :
  • Synarthrosis sterno costalis
    • Incisura costalis 1
    • Incisura costalis 2
  • Articulatio sternocostalis
    • Incisura costalis II – VII
    • Incisura costals II – VII
  1. Pada Sternum (tulang dada) sendiri juga terdapat persendian synchondrosis symphysis sterni yaitu persendian antara :
  • Manubrium sterni (tungkai)
  • Carpus sterni (badan)

II. Persedian Sceleton Extrimitas superior

  1. Persendian Gelang Bahu
    • Articulatio sternoclavicularis
      • Incisura clavicularis
      • Facies articularis sternalis
    • Articulatio acromis clavicularis
  • Facies articularis acromii
  • Facies articularis acromialis
  1. Persendian Rangka anggota Bebas
    • Articulatio Humeri
      • Caput Humeri
      • Cavitas glenoidalis
  1. Persendian Rangka bagian atas

Adapun persendian itu adalah :

    • Articulatio Cubiti (os humerus dan os ulna)
  1. Articulatio Humeroradialis
    • Capitulum humeri
    • Fovea capituli radii
  2. Articulatio Humeroulnaris
  • Trochlea humeri
  • Incisura semiulnaris
  1. Articulatio radioulnaris proximalis
  • Circumferentia articularis radii
  • Incisura radialisulnae
    • Articulatio radioulnaris distalis
      • Circamferentia articularis ulnae
      • Incisura ulnaris radii
  • Articulatio radioulnaris distalis
    • Cireamferentina articularis ulnae
    • Incisura ulnarisn radii
  • Articulation radiocarpea
  • Facies articulaaris carpea radii
  • Cartilago triangularis
        • Articulatio triquetropisiformis
          • Os. Triquetrum
          • Os. Pisiforme
        • Ariculatio intercarpea
  • Ossa carpalia proximal
  • Ossa carpalia distal
        • Articulatio carpometcarpea II – V
  • Ossa metacarpalia II – V
  • Ossa carpalia distalis
        • Articulation caarpoetacarpea I
  • Os. Multangulum majus
  • Os. metacarpalia
        • Articulatio metacarpophalangea
  • Capitulum metacarpal
  • Basis phalang I
        • Articulatio interphalangea
  • Trochlea phalang dibawahnya
  • Basis phalang diatasnya

III. Persendian Sceleton Extremitas Inferior

  1. Persendian gelang panggul
    • Amphiarthrosis sacroiliacaa
    • Symphysis ossium pubis
  2. Pada rangka anggota bebas (sceletonextremitas liberae inferior) terdapat semdi-sendi :
  • Articulatio genu (sendi lutut) terdiri dari :
  1. Articualtio meniscofemoralis medialis
            • Meniscus

            • Facies articularis inferior condyli medialis

  1. Articulatio meniscofemoralis lateralis
            • Meniscus

            • Facias articularis inferior condyli lateralis

  1. Articulatio meniscotibialis medialis
            • Miniscus

            • Facies articularis superior condyli medialis

  1. Articulatio meniscotibialis lateralis
            • Meniscus

            • Facies articularis superior condyli lateralis

  1. Aritculatio femoropatellaris
            • Facies petellaris

            • Facies articularis mediale dan lateral patella

    • Articulatio tibiofiburalis
            • Facies articularis fibularis tibiae

            • Facies articularis capituli fibulae

    • Syndesmosis tibiofibularis
            • Incisura fibularis tibiae

            • Lig. Tibiofibularia anterior dan posterior

    • Articulatio talotarsalis

  1. Articulatio talocalcanecaris (sendi loncat bagian belakang)
            • Facies articularis calcaneaposterior

            • Facies articularis talaris posterior

  1. Articulatio talocalcanconavicularis (sendi loncat bagian depan)
            • Facies articularis calcanea media

            • Facies articularis calcanea anterior

            • Facies articularis navicularis

            • Facies articularis talaris media

            • Facies articularis talaris anterior

            • Facies articularis talaris

    • Articulatio tarsotransversa Chopart
  1. Articulatio talonavicularis

            • Facies articularis navicularis

            • Os naviculare bagian proximal

  1. Articulatio calcaneocuboidea

            • Bagian proximal pada os cuboideum

            • Facies articularis caboidea calcanci

    • Articulatio tarsometatarsea lisfrane

– Basis ossium metatarsalium I-V

– Permukaan sendi distal ossa cenciformia I-II

– Os. cuboideum

    • Artculatio metatarsophalangea
            • Capitulum metatarsale

            • Basis phalang I

    • Articulatio interpalangea
            • Trochlea phalang diatasnya

            • Basis phalang dibawahnya

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